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Andre santini




Profession :Mayor

Institution:City d’Issy-les-moulineaux

Presentation: "Issy: a cyber city to a smart city"

Introduction:In Issy, digital technology is put at the service of the inhabitants in order to fully live the city, in a practical, useful, playful and convivial way. It comprise two eco-area (the Fort and the Bords-de-Seine) which are concentrates of innovation and new technologies serving citizens and sustainable development (geothermal energy, home automation, pneumatic waste collection, etc.).


In conjunction with the economic players in its territory, the city is constantly innovating to propose advanced technologies and experiments in the areas of energy (with IssyGrid) and mobility (with SO Mobility). It comprises two eco-districts (the Fort and the Bords-de-Seine) which are concentrates of innovation and new technologies serving citizens and sustainable development (geothermal energy, home automation, pneumatic waste collection, etc.).


This resolutely forward-looking policy has paid off, attracting large companies and European headquarters to its territory, but also a population of managers and families seeking a modern and healthy environment, enabling the population of the city.




Alain HAYS



Profession :Architect, International consultant, Chief Designer of the Scientific Research Center of XTBG - CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences) 


 "Eco-culture and Green-Life: Reflection on the innovative construction of a Scientific Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences - 2011 China National Investment Project Excellence Award":While sustainable development has been presented as the great hope and absolute necessity for preserving our environment and our biodiversity, two underlying issues are: What can we learn from the built heritage if we want to develop a true “green building” design? How to protect and improve this priceless built heritage which is disappearing fast before our very eyes? In China, a valuable experience argues for an innovative eco-cultural approach: the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The design and building of its new scientific research center and the conservation issue will help us to better understand what this new "eco-cultural" concept means in practice. It is important to develop new strategic visions and actions for protecting this irreplaceable heritage to take the most of its ecology lessons for a true “Green building” design in any project.



Xiaojun LIU



Top 10 scientific and technological Chinese person in Europe 2015

 Profession:Director and Chief Scientist

 Institution:European Innovation & Liaison Center at Transfar International Group Ltd. (Hong Kong)


 "The effect of Internet platform in the internationalization of enterprise research and development":In the progress of internationalization, for Chinese enterprises, working with Western high-level scientific research teams to improve the technological strength of enterprise is an important step to realized « Going out strategy ». This speech will be combined with specific examples, to introduce how the international platform played a huge role in them does.




Chritian Vicenty


Christian VICENTY



Profession:Chargé de mission Chine, Ukraine, Russie, nouvelles routes économiques de la soie

Institution:Mission stratégique et des études économiques Direction générale des Entreprises (D.G.E.), Ministère de l’Economie et des Finances


 "The new economic routes of silk and their relationship with Europe":Since the 1980s, the long-term perspective (around 2030-2050) of a Eurasian ancestry has appeared in the rest of the world. Achieving such a performance requires both to overcome the constraints linked to the distances between the extreme zones of Eurasian dynamism (between Europe and Asia, there is a distance of 10 000 to 15 000 km depending on the course) Linked to climatic and seismic hazards, and to develop overall geostrategic visions on the part of the main actors, the result of which is capable of generating sufficient adherence from nearly a hundred potentially affected States In fact). At least one state has such a vision, following two distinct maritime projects: China.The "Belt and Road Initiative" is almost the most ambitious, visionary and comprehensive project in all aspects (including finance field), who include on the scale of the Eurasian continent and 'A country of multi-millennial civilization with a renaissanceed will. It remains to discern the official European position with regard to this project, with the ways and means which it would count to implement in order to respond in a more balanced way to the challenge launched by this Chinese Initiative.

 shaoqing wang



Shaoqing WANG



Profession:Project leader

Institution:Iris Conseil


"PRT Spidernet around rail hub for local empowerment of urban passenger transit":Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) is applied to the case of the St Denis station in the Grand Paris Express network at the time horizon of its implementation. Four-step model and PRTSim model are confronted. The potential demand, multimodal effects, fare sensitivity and potential revenues, as well as capital and operational costs are evaluated.




Monique POULOT



Profession:University Professor

Institution:Paris Nanterre University

Presentation: "The smart city in the terms of food issue"


Introduction: In developed and developing countries, the proportion of urban population is growing continuously over time. According to the report of the United Nations in 2007, 60% of the world population will live in the city by the year 2030. This urbanization has created an unprecedented demand, particularly in terms of mobility, employment, food, waste management, and environmental management (Zazada, 2011). Faced with these challenges, national and international policymakers promote the smart city model for the purpose of "increasing the attraction of the city while reducing the negative impact of energy and the environment".

Focusing on "strengthen the flexibility of urban systems", the smart city also involves issues of food sovereignty, land protection and risk prevention. These questions become crucial today in the context of climatic, energy and economic transition, especially for those big cities who no longer have agricultural belt, and who "do not produce themselves the food supply," namely "naked cities" (Steel, 2009) or "hungry cities" (Zukin, 2009) in the literature.

How to integrate the agricultural and food issue into the smart city? How to coordinate agricultural interests and habitat needs? What kind of judicial framework and governance should be adopted to deal with food issues? Many projects and examples which well combined both cities and agricultures have been noticed resent years. Detroit is a typical example of shrinking city (Paddeu, 2012) – a phenomenon quite common in North America, including Montreal, Toronto and New York City. Also, this phenomenon also exists in some European cities, for instance, Milan has experienced shrinking in 2015 EXPO. In this research, my objective is to explore the new combinations of cities and agriculture, and to check the feasibilities and the main objects of study are cities in France, such as Paris.








Nicolas KE/Canghai KE



Profession : Product Architect and Security Lead, IBM Cloud

Institution: IBM

Presentaion: "Bitcoin, blockchain and their contributions to the economy"


Introduction:This talk presents the basic concepts of the bitcoin and blockchain, and some common applications to the economy. While the bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, the blockchain technology has many applications to the economy and the organization of the society, we are at the dawn of a new Internet revolution.









Profession : General Director of ISSY MEDIA

Institution: Société d’Economie Mixte Issy Media

Presentation : "SO Mobility: Travel Facilitator"


Introduction:This project aims to fluidify the urban travel thanks to the digital development.Demonstrating that the smart city can change habits, reduce traffic congestion and reduce air pollution is the main objective of the consortium bringing together the local actors from the building, public works, transport, mobility infrastructures, energy and technology.

Cisco, Caisse des Dépôts, Bouygues Immobilier, ENGIE, Transdev, Colas and the Issy-les-Moulineauxcity expect to think and act together in a spirit of open innovation to bring concrete, continuable and duplicates solutions to improve urban travel.

Concretely, it’s about working on digital solutions to allow:

             Fluidify the traffic

             Provide a response to 20% of drivers looking for a parking

             Integrate new travel modes

Work on the opening of data to define a multimodal offer

Latifa Oukhellou  



Latifa Oukhellou



Profession : Research director, Biography

Institution : IFSTTAR

Presentation: "Data Science for urban mobility analysis"


Introduction:The development of smart technologies and the advent of new observation capabilities have increased the availability of massive urban data sets that can greatly benefit urban studies.Analysis of such digital records can help to build decision-making tools (for analytical, forecasting and display purposes).The purpose of this talk is to present recent studies in the field of urban mobility analysis with two cases studies about (i) the bike sharing system of Paris and (ii) the public transport of Rennes.







Shao Ming


Profession:Secretary-general of Association of Chinese Professionals in Belgium (ACPB)

Institution:Association of Chinese Professionals in Belgium (ACPB)

Presentation :"Clashes of cultures in the Belt and Road"

Introduction :according to years of practice in cross-cultural company, observation and analysis of encountered clashes of cultures about Chinese companies investing overseas. Based on typical cases and theoretical analysis, the only way to break down all reserves, build trust and realise long-term win-win cooperation is to understand, respect culture differences and learn from each other.





Lu Yan


Profession: Chairman

Institution: TTC (Beijing) ecological agriculture science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.


Presentation: "The Heaven Village, shared natural new life"

Introduction: The Heaven Village (TTC) is the ideal home model proposed by Lao Tzu, founder of Taoism in China, 2500 years ago, in the eightieth chapter of the classics. "food, its own services, the security of their home," therefore". TTC will be a global chain. It bases on the biological agriculture, Chinese traditional education-oriented. It builds a homeland where people can live in a clean environment, with healthy spirit and body.







Profession:Managing Director / Directeur

Institution:I4CE – Institute for Climate Economics

Presentation:"Climate economy for local authorities"

Introduction:Paris agreement: the general scope for the consideration of environment in the financial sector and local authorities action

  Landscape of climate finance

  The Management of climate-related risks by financial actors;

  Other financial instruments discussed at the Club Villes, territories, energy and climate change (green duties, finance equity, etc).





Guillaume LENOBLE

Profession:Deputy General Manager of Digital City, Finance and Evaluation of Public Policies / Directeur Général Adjoint à la Ville Numérique, aux Finances et à l’Evaluation des Poli-tiques Publiques

Institution : Issy-les-MoulineauxCity

Presentation : "Converting the interests of different local roles for the development and Smart City strategy" 

Introduction:Presentation of how the City of Issy-les-Moulineaux has managed to animate its territory and bring together the interests of the various local roles (companies, government and citizens) for its development and Smart City strategy, especially in urban development of eco-neighborhoods.








Profession : Ph.D, Founder of  Complexio company Expert of complicated systems and dynamic simulation


Institution : Complexio

Presentation :  "Dynamic and interactive simulations for urban sustainable development "

Introduction : We will demonstrate the interactions of two softwares, Dynaville and Urbanseed. Dynaville is able to simulate in a dynamic way the territorial evolution in decades. Urbanseed gives the authorities or more generally, urbanisation players a vision of land capacity (number of inhabitants, economic activities), and rising conditions of urban sustainable development, in perspective of creating some new cities globally (especially in China) using these conditions and an urban sustainable pre-programing.







Profession : Engineer student, Ph.D

Institution : CITEPA

Présentation : "Green City Big Data : Development of a decision-making tool for the management of atmospheric emissions related to urban transport"

Introduction :The objective of the project is to respond to the growing and urgent need for cities to have an economic and reactive decision-making tool, for the sustainable management of cities, especially urban transport. This project will implement the Green City Big Data tool. The principle consists in carrying out the analysis of geo-localized and temporalized data from the mobile phone of a city in order to determine the impact of policies and measures related to urban transport on the atmospheric emissions associated with this mobility. The R&D phase of the project will start in October 2017 on two pilot cities in Colombia (Cali and Medellín), with a continuous prospecting of other cities interested in particular in China.







Julien GUILLEUX; Yann JOBERT; Frédéric GUYON


Profession: Directeur Conseil ; Directeur technique innovation ; Directeur Général

Institution : Syntesia / Groupe Builders & Partners ;

Presentation: "The Unified Digital Repository"

Introduction:Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a formidable technological revolution for the construction industry, but it also profoundly changes the methods and culture of collaboration between the actors. In the extension of this collaborative work in progress, the BIM provides a tremendous opportunity to aggregate all the data (graphs or metadata) of a project, a building, a set of assets.





Profession : Psychanalyst

Institution : PhdCandof Université Diderot PRES Paris Sorbonne Cité, Membre of CRPMS Centre Recherche Psychanalyse Médecine et Société, Associate researcher for CIMTC PitiéSalpêtrière

Presentation: City Care and Body Ecology : the proof of concept of Sleepzone in Shanghai

Introduction: The “Sleepzone©” concept has been invented by Nathalie PLET, in the frame of her research on crossing disciplines of psycho-analysis, anthropology and geopoetic in the field of urban life. The concept has been presented during the first on the environment organized by the research commission of Univ.Paris 7 and mentioned during the

THNS Forum (November 2015 in Paris)

The « Sleepzone© Project » consists in conception, design and realization of “recharge areas” in the city. The project organizes in a “path” several points, who are designed and managed in order to facilitate or induce the connection between the body and the space around it. Designers, architects and urban planners are requested to co-elaborate and conceive « objects » -urban furniture, pieces of urban art, interventions – able to support or to activate energy or poetic with its environment.

During meetings in TONGJI University (June 24-25-26, Shanghai), the partners identified the objectives of the “Shanghai Sleepzone© proof of concept project” and the modalities of its realization in Shanghai could be propose.




Bernard SPECHT

Profession: Marketing and sales director / Directeur marketing et commercial

Institution :  datBIM SA

Presentation : BIM: Issues of an interchange format between catalogs, library and business software / BIM : Enjeux d’un format d’échange entre catalogues, bibliothèque et les logiciels métier

Introduction : If building actors want to share a common language, exchange reliable data and know what to expect about the question of an "object" or a "product" of construction, it’s urgent to harmonize the various dictionaries that describe these objects and their properties(geometric, technical, economic, regulatory, etc.).

Thus, it is necessary to define a method in advance allowing to describe these objects and their properties in the same way, and also the way to manage these properties within the different harmonized dictionaries which register them.

The issue of standardization is fundamental because it concerns the reliability of the shared information. Thanks to a common language, the European building actors will be able to extract particular visualizations from the digital models with simple request for this building, such as: “which materials can be used in the event of a fire alarm?”.

To understand each other, the different actors in the construction sector must speak the same "language" using a dictionary (which defines the vocabulary) but also a grammar that defines the order of the words. The format developed by datBIM, "Open dthX", allows to describe all these constructive solutions (articles, products and systems) and the structure tree of catalogs and libraries in ranges, families and subfamilies. It thus meets the information needs of "products" from the building actors and throughout the buildinglife-cycle: conception, construction and exploitation.

In order to complete this datBIM integrated “language", in 2012, the AFNOR PPBIM XP P07-150 standard is written by the editorial committee, which works precisely on the harmonization of the different property dictionaries used in the construction universe and in September 2015, a group of experts CN AFNOR PPBIM / GE2 was created in charge of enriching and standardizing the format dthX Open.

At the European level, datBIM Company is also involved in a working group of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), which is responsible for finding and developing a standardized format allowing the automatic data exchange between catalogs, libraries and business softwares. A format for the exchange of BIM objects and/or their properties between catalogs, libraries and business software is a prerequisite for the generalization of BIM especially for small projects.

See the ABV project experiment (Virtual BIM workshop) for a building with 30 apartments: 300,000 products delivered, 6 to 12,000 unique references and a study budget of 310 K€ which doesn’t allow to build the database required whose advantage is  metalizing between operations through an exchange format.







Richard CANTIN

Profession :  Researcher Teacher  /  Enseignant chercheur

Institution : National Grande Ecole of Civil Engineering Works for the French State(ENTPE) - Building and Civil Engineering Laboratory (LGCB)  /  École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État (ENTPE) - Laboratoire Génie Civil et Bâtiment (LGCB)

Presentation : Limits of an energy transition metrology for green buildings / Limites d’une métrologie de la transition énergétique pour les bâtiments verts


1. Energy transition challenges for green buildings:

Actions on buildings must, however, take into account the complexity of the existing housing stock, which is characterized by a great diversity of constructive modes and giant changes in building patterns within the transitional period in the 20thcentury. From an energy point of view, traditional and bioclimatic architecture that took local resources into account has given way to architecture more subject to urban planning constraints where the local environmental and climatic characteristics are too often ignored.

2. Increased complexity and metrology limits:
Since several years, numerous examples show how a new metrology has been developed to try to control the energy transition and to characterize the increased complexity of green buildings.





Profession:  Chercheur

Institution: IDDRI, France

Presentation : L'état du développement de finance verte en Chine et l'opportunité de la coopération internationale

Introduction : Dans un cadre de la transition écologique, la Chine a montré sa volonté de conduire une économie verte par des actions concrètes. La finance verte, parmi les autres pistes des politiques, a eu des importants développements. La Chine a créé son comité national de finance verte, présidé par haut responsable de la banque centrale avec les membres provenant des secteurs publics et privés. Ce comité a pour l'objectif de piloter les politiques de finance verte innovantes et accompagner les gouvernements locaux pour la mise en oeuvre. Cette présentation détaillera les activités et résultats de ce comité.

Cette présentation ensuite concentre sur les principaux acteurs financiers chinois en abordant leurs actions innovantes sur la pratique de finance verte. Ceci inclura notamment les banques commerciales et les fonds souvereigns.

La dernière partie de cette présentation élabore les stratégies internationales de la Chine en lien avec la finance verte.








Profession : Deputy director

Institution: CITEPA

Presentation: Integration of air pollution and climate change issues in France and China

Introduction: Nadine Allemand, deputy director of CITEPA since 2011, is an expert in atmospheric pollution. She holds a PH D in analytical chemistry. She joined CITEPA in 1986 and has gained extensive experience in air pollutant and GHG emission inventories, projections, policies and measures. Her work at CITEPA is currently shared between managerial and technical activities. Among other tasks, she leads the technical secretariat of the UNECE "Task Force of Techno-Economic issues" (TFTEI). She has provided extensive consultancy services to the French administration and industries in various fields of air pollution and anthropogenic activities. Currently, she is project leader of a twinning with Serbia to implement the MMR regulation and is providing capacity building activities in China, Russia and Georgia. 




Jean-François HABEAU

Profession : Directeur  Exécutif

Institution : FMDV – Fonds mondial pour le développement des villes, France

Presentation: Enjeux, acteurs et instruments de la finance climat pour les collectivités locales

Introduction : Le FMDV est l'Alliance internationale de gouvernements locaux et régionaux dédiée à promouvoir et developer des solutions de financement pour le développement integré et durable des territoires. Il a pour mission de :

  • Concevoir des stratégies et solutions opérationnelles, et organiser les environnements appropriés pour le financement des territoires urbains et la mise en œuvre d’un développement économique local durable et intégré ;
  • Organiser la convergence des parties prenantes et constituer une culture partagée du financement et du développement économique infranational, et son appropriation par l’ensemble des acteurs, pour la coopération et l’innovation ;
  • Contribuer au débat politique et institutionnel sur la localisation du financement et du développement économique afin de promouvoir les solutions pour la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux au niveau de l’action locale.

Au cours des cinq dernières années, le FMDV a mobilisé ou collaboré avec plus de 1 300 villes et régions, issues de plus de 110 pays, 250 entreprises privées, et la plupart des partenaires techniques et financiers du développement local.

De part son expérience dans le domaine de la finance locale et la mobilisation d’acteurs, le FMDV a été désigné en 2016 pour assurer le secrétariat avec l’UNEP, le PNUD et le R20, de l’Alliance mondiale pour la Finance Climat infranationale – CCFLA, coalition internationale unique d’institutions et réseaux d’acteurs multiples, complémentaires et de différents niveaux : réseaux de collectivités locales (CGLU, ICLEI, C40, FMDV), d’investisseurs institutionnels (LTIIA), banques privés (Deutsche Bank, City), de banques de développement (AFD, KFW, BID, CAF), de gouvernements nationaux (France, Etats-Unis), des centres de recherches, des fondations et des organisations de la société civile (WWF, WRI, CDP, GIB) et d’agences des Nations Unies (UN Habitat, PNUE, PNUD, UNCDF).



Profession : Professor in Transport Engineering

Institution : Tongji University

Presentation: Status and Future of ITS in Chinese Logistic Market and Transport System

Introduction: Among all the solutions to the improvement of efficiency and effectiveness in the field of logistics as well as the general transport system, advanced telecommunication and smart technologies stand in the important position, such as wireless sensor communications, data processing, automatic control, and computer visualization. These modern techniques which have already been implemented in the logistic and transport system, as well as demonstration in enterprises in China will be shared in this speech. Hereafter, we shall discuss the future plan of potential utilizations, involved in the big data, Internet of things, pattern recognition, and autonomous cars, which are able to construct the new conceptual frame of Intelligent Transport System. These topics shall be focused on: What are the main stream techniques currently been cared in the logistic market; How and what stage will be  the state of the art in ITS; What scopes and progress are in the D&R and testbeds.


Dusheng GONG

Profession : Business Development Director – Eatern Asia

Institution : Paris&Co

Presentation : Attractiveness, innovation ecosystem and investment environment of Paris

Introduction : Paris region (IDF) represents 1/5 population of France, 1/3 GDP of France, ½ R&D power of France, compared with other europeen big cities, Paris is the true europeen economic center.

I’ll explain the 10 reasons (geography, transport, financial, cost, technology, realestate, urbanization, sustainable development, fashion&art) by which Paris is so attractive and show a detailed map about Paris’ innovation ecosystem (incubators, sectors, experimentation support, events, etc.), finally explain how France and Paris can supply a helpful service for setting-up business in France by foreign investors.




Mireille Apel-Muller

Profession : Déléguée générale de l’Institut pour la ville en mouvement

Institution : VEDECOM

Presentation : Low-Tech et High-Tech – le futur des mobilités urbaines

Introduction : Les mobilités sont consubstantielles de la ville et de l’individu urbain. Le défi d’une mobilité intelligente est d’organiser le juste compromis entre le désir d’autonomie des individus dans leur diversité sociale, culturelle, physiologique et la multiplicité de ses pratiques de la ville, avec les impératifs d’une ville productive, à la fois efficiente, agréable à vivre et respectueuse de l’environnement. Compromis entre la lenteur et la vitesse, la distance et la proximité, l’information digitale et l’information dans l’espace physique du territoire, entre les nécessaires régulations et la liberté de circuler, entre les transports de masse et les déplacements individuels.Améliorer les mobilités implique de combiner des interventions «  Low Tech » (Aménagement urbain, solutions organisationnelles, signalétiques, mais aussi diversité des modes de transport selon les temps et les lieux…) jusqu’à l’utilisation de technologies de pointe (transports électriques, connectivité, véhicules autonomes, nouvelles infrastructures, applis…).

Le programme international Passages, espaces de transition pour la ville du 21è siècle », animé par l’IVM, met l’accentsur la nécessaire prise en compte des petits espaces de mobilité de la ville contemporaine pour rendre possible l’intermodalité et redonner sa place au piéton dans ses déplacements. Tunnels, passerelles, escalators, téléphériques urbains, cheminements, les passages sont des maillons essentiels et potentiellement porteurs d’urbanités singulières. Ils demandent peu d’investissement et devraient systématique­ment accompagner les grandes opérations d’aménagement parce qu’ils offrent des vertus ré­paratrices des fractures opérées par les infras­tructures de transport rapide et le zoning de l’ur­banisation du 20è siècle.

Ce programme, fruit d’un travail collectif avec des experts et des villes du monde entier, - notamment à Shanghai, a identifiédes innovations qui permettent aujourd’hui de surmonter les différentes ruptures urbaines, et démontre qu’il est possible d’amorcer des transformations à plus grande échelle par de petites interventions qui préparent le futur.


AUREZ Vincent

Profession : Consultant

Institution: EY, Institute of Circular Economy

Presentation: Untapping the potential of green and circular economy to build a sustainable One Belt One Road initiative

Introduction: The One Belt One Road initiative is regularly presented as a massive strategic infrastructure development project, but rarely as a greeninfrastructure development project.

Nevertheless, its consequences on international trade and transportation as well as on the industries of the countries along the routes could be analyzed through a sustainable development lens. With two of its priority goals focusing on cooperation and connectivity, the initiative’s impacts on sustainable development could be major : fostering the development of low carbon transportation modes, reducing the dependency of local economies on extractive industries, promoting the use of local resources and materials and of renewable energy sources…

As a matter of fact, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has recognized this tremendous potential and identified the OBOR initiative as a global cooperation project capable of significantly contributing to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. China is clearly willing to grasp this potential: last May, the ministries of Environment, of Commerce and of Foreign affairs have jointly issued a Guidance on promoting Green Belt and Road, followed by an Ecological and environmental cooperation plan. These strategic documents demonstrate a certain ambition, and are essential at a preliminary stage. But the challenges to overcome are important and will need a strong commitment from states and companies to be addressed. The countries along the Belt and Road are at very different economic development stages and may have little concern about the environment. Nevertheless, OBOR lays great opportunities for them, notably through the development of eco-industries and sustainable production systems : bio-refineries, bio-sourcing and sustainable management of remaining stocks for global industries, new and renewable energy infrastructures...

Circular economy principles could be used as a relevant guidance to develop and build upon these opportunities. This concept promoting of a closed loop economic system is based on a “reduce, reuse and recycle” philosophy and bares many advantages such as boosting competitiveness, reducing resource dependency, creating resilience, among others. Aware of these potential benefits, the European Union is implementing an ambitious policy to develop circular economy. It launched a Circular Economy Policy Package in 2015, including an action plan focusing on 4 key areas : production, consumption, waste management and secondary raw materials. As for China, the government showed its engagement towards circular economy even earlier, making it a strategic orientation of its11th and 12th Five-Year Plan (since 2006). Since then, more and more circular economy zones and pilot projects have been implemented all over China, confirming its ambition and its growing expertise in the building of eco-industrial parks. With OBOR being designed as a cooperation project and a future economic connection between China and Europe, it appears logical and even necessary that both forces bring together their expertise and ambition regarding circular economy to make it a founding principle of the development of OBOR.






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